Kyoto Protocol

   With Russia being one of the world’s largest polluters, environmental activists diligently campaigned for the Russian Federation to sign up to the Kyoto Protocol of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. The international agreement was designed to reduce greenhouse gases and carbon emissions by members by 5.2 percent from 1990 levels. While European Union (EU) members were expected to reduce their output by a larger metric (12 percent), Russia was not required to make any reductions, only needing to keep the country’s pollution at 1990 levels. Initially, Vladimir Putin had taken an ambivalent position on signing up to the protocol, with some advisors suggesting that, due to its cold climate, Russia might benefit from global warming, while others worried about its impact on the Russian economy and industry. American President George W. Bush’s decision not to ratify the treaty had placed the entire scheme in jeopardy, since it required that members’ emissions account for 55 percent of all emissions. The participation of Russia, which accounted for 17 percent of global greenhouse and carbon gases, thus became an absolute necessity for the protocol to come into force. Putin ultimately agreed to join Kyoto on 4 November 2005, putting the emissions count over the 55 percent threshold (the United Russia–dominated State Duma ratified the Kyoto Protocol on 18 November 2004). The decision was seen as a political one, since, at the time, Putin was looking to shore up his relations with key EU members France and Germany, while isolating the United States.

Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation. . 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Kyoto Protocol — n. An amendment to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change that requires signatory nations to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions to an assigned level. The Essential Law Dictionary. Sphinx Publishing, An imprint of Sourcebooks …   Law dictionary

  • Kyoto Protocol — Participation in the Kyoto Protocol, as of December 2010, Green = Countries that have signed and ratified the treaty              (Annex I II countries in dark green) Grey =… …   Wikipedia

  • Kyoto Protocol — ▪ international treaty, 1997 Introduction in full  Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change   international treaty, named for the Japanese city in which it was adopted in December 1997, that aimed to reduce the… …   Universalium

  • Kyoto Protocol — An international agreement that aims to reduce carbon dioxide emissions and the presence of greenhouse gases. Countries that ratify the Kyoto Protocol are assigned maximum carbon emission levels and can participate in carbon credit trading.… …   Investment dictionary

  • Kyoto Protocol —   The result of negotiations at the third Conference of the Parties (COP 3) in Kyoto, Japan, in December of1997. The Kyoto Protocol sets binding greenhouse gas emissions targets for countries that sign and ratify the agreement. The gases covered… …   Energy terms

  • Kyoto Protocol — /kiˈoʊtoʊ ˌproʊtəkɒl/ (say kee ohtoh .prohtuhkol) noun an international agreement setting out national targets for the limitation of greenhouse gas emissions, formulated at a meeting in Kyoto, Japan, in 1997, pursuant to the objectives of the UN… …   Australian English dictionary

  • Kyoto Protocol — An international emissions reduction treaty signed in 1997 in the Japanese city of Kyoto. It is a protocol to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, under which the signatories are obligated to cut overall greenhouse gas emissions by an… …   Financial and business terms

  • Kyoto Protocol — international agreement among industrialized countries to reduce greenhouse gas emissions negotiated in Kyoto, Japan in December 1997. Canada committed to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by 6 percent of 1990 levels between 2008 and 2012 …   Dictionary of automotive terms

  • Kyoto Protocol — n. international treaty on climate change adopted by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in December 1997 to reduce discharge of greenhouse gas as to fight global warming …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Kyoto Protocol: What Next? — ▪ 2006 by Roger A. Pielke, Jr.       The Kyoto Protocol to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), an international treaty named after the Japanese city in which it was proposed in December 1997, came into effect in February 2005… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.